Contouring

What?

  • It is the trimming of the gum line by either laser or periodontal surgery.
  • Gingivectomy is the cutting away of soft tissue only, in such a way that the firmer outer layer of the gum is preserved as far as possible.
  • Crown lengthening involves opening of the gum and contouring of the underlying bone with a drill. The gum is trimmed and sutured into the correct position.

 

When?

  • An uneven gum line
  • Too much gum covering the teeth eg. Overgrown gums, due to side effects of certain medications or genetic defects
  • Teeth that appear too short
  • “Gummy smile”
  • Where a crown needs to be placed, but very little tooth is left.
  • Severe periodontitis

 

 Advantages

  • Good cosmetic result, with minimal invasion.

 

Disadvantages

  • It extends total treatment time, as aesthetic treatment can only be started after healing of the gums.

 

Gallery